Passover is an interesting celebration. It is 7 days long, each day has a special meaning and prayer. It honors the sparing of the enslaved Jews in Egypt from the angel of death. The Jews were saved by painting their doors with the blood of the lamb. We know from the gospels that Jesus was crucified during a Passover. Dating the actual crucifixion, not an easy task, can be accomplished by understanding a few things about Passover. We know from the New Testament that Jesus was crucified sometimes between 29 CE to 34 CE. Passover is always on the 15th of Nissan (remember the Jewish prophets were born and died during Nissan). The Jewish calendar is a lunar calendar. Each month begins on a new Moon. The 15th of each month is always near that months full Moon. The first day of Passover, in the month of Nissan, is always near the first full Moon after the spring equinox. Therefore if we know the full Moon phases for the first full Moon phases after the spring equinox for the years of 29 CE through 34 CE, we are closer to finding the date of the crucifixion. But, we also need to find a full Moon that falls near a Thursday because the synoptic gospels inform us that the Last Supper was on a Thursday before the Friday crucifixion, John mentions that Thursday was a Passover preparation meal leading scholars to believe Passover was the next day on Friday.
If your not confused yet you are probably asking how can this be done? Luckily, NASA has the date for every full Moon phase during this time. Now all we need to do is to somehow find the day of the week for these years, and find which year the full Moon occurred on a Thursday. This can be done thanks to the US Navy. They have a date converter that will inform anyone the weekday name for any date in history BCE. or CE. Thus, we know the full Moon phases and the day of week for each full Moon around the time of the crucifixion. My next post will examine more the years possible for the crucifixion to have occurred in, and which one is the best choice. In my book, I explain in greater detail in Chapter 3 the history of Passover, the differences between solar and lunar calendars, and how it is possible to apply a Gregorian date (our calendar) to an ancient lunar calendar. In Chapter 7, I explain in greater detail which Passover year between 29 CE. to 34 CE. is the best choice for the crucifixion to have occurred during, and how to test the Naval date converter for accuracy.
14 years ago I became interested in the date that Jesus was born. This led to several years of research, I quickly realized that there was no valid information that provided any real answers to this question. Since this website is getting some interest I will post from time to time some of the information I learned during this quest.