Luke informs us that one month after Jesus was born, Mary and Joseph presented Jesus at the Temple in Jerusalem. Once there, two witnesses came forward to predict the future of Jesus. Both were very devote, and more than likely knew of the tradition of prophets being born and dying during the month of Passover, and more specifically Issac being born and dying during Passover. From The Essence of Perfection:
In Jewish tradition, this was not uncommon; in fact, it was customary for parents to take their firstborn males to the Temple. This is because in Exodus 13:1–2 “the Lord said to Moses, ‘Consecrate to me every firstborn male. The first offspring of every womb among the Israelites belongs to me, whether man or animal.’” This meant that every firstborn son was to become the family priest, in charge of sacrifices for every member of the family. But, after the Exodus from Egypt, the Israelites committed the serious sin of the Golden Calf, in which only the tribe of Levi were not guilty. Numbers 3:11–12 informs us that, because of this, God decreed that the Levites were his and were to take the place of the firstborn sons of Israel. In Numbers 18:15, the Lord ordered that that the firstborn of any woman not from the tribe of Levi or a priest had to be redeemed from service to God by paying five shekels of silver one month after birth to a Temple priest.
Thus, as tradition called for, Jesus, who was from the tribe of Judah, was to undergo the Pidyon HaBen, meaning “the Redemption of the firstborn son.” In the traditional ceremony, Joseph brought Jesus to the Temple 31 days after birth. He would next have to respond to a ritual set of questioning indicating that this was Mary’s firstborn son. This also required him to redeem the newborn Jesus by paying the five silver shekels to the Temple priest, followed by a sacrifice of two young pigeons.
By preforming this ritual and receiving the five shekel offering, the Levites took the place of Jesus as a priest. Later it was the Levites who offered Jesus to the cross. The irony is that Jesus could never be a Temple priest or preform important day-to-day rituals there because he was not a Levite, but his death in 30 CE and the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE allowed him to become more than a priest. Jesus must have had something other than the role of high priest to aspire to.
Perhaps it was a combination of the testimony of the visiting Magi, Simeon and Anna at the Temple and Old Testament prophesy that inspired the young Jesus to become a prophet himself. If Simeon and Anna, who were elderly and worshiped on a regular basis at the Temple, were aware of the integral existence mentioned in the Talmud, then they also would have been aware of any future prophets being born during Passover and presented to the priest as part of the redemption of the firstborn son only 31 days after the Passover celebrations. Thus, their testimonies are important and they are the perfect witnesses. There must have been something special about Jesus; he more than likely did not have a halo over his head as depicted in Renaissance paintings, and probably would have looked like any other 31-day-old newborn, but the presence of signs in the night sky, the fact that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, and the prophesy found in the Talmud may have aided Simeon and Anna in making their prediction of great things for Jesus.
We know from Luke,
14 years ago I became interested in the date that Jesus was born. This led to several years of research, I quickly realized that there was no valid information that provided any real answers to this question. Since this website is getting some interest I will post from time to time some of the information I learned during this quest.