Holiday Contest!!!! Ste. Genevieve Press will be giving away 5 autographed paperback copies of Robert William Weber's new book The Essence of Perfection: A Study in the Integral Existence of Jesus from the Star of Bethlehem to the Resurrection. Rules are simple. Anyone who follows Robert W. Weber@Stgenepress on Twitter, except family members, will be put into a drawing. Winners will be announced on December 10, 2017, and contacted by email to provide a mailing address (home, office, or PO Box). Any user is eligible if they have an address that the USPO can deliver to including Ireland and the UK.
Luke 3:1 tells us that Jesus was baptized, starting his ministry, by John the Baptist in the 15th year of Tiberius. This was 29 CE. The synoptic books inform us that his ministry lasted a year based on the fact that only one Passover is mentioned. But, John mentions 3 Passovers. In Chapter 7 of my book I provide a valid answer for this difference. From the book, The Essence of Perfection:
According to Bart Ehrman, the author of the Gospel of John had sources for his narrative of the life of Jesus:
It is possible, though, that John actually produced several different version of his Gospel. Readers have long noted, for example, that chapter 21 seems to come to an end in 20:30–31; and the events of chapter 21 seem to be a kind of afterthought, possibly added to fill out the stories of Jesus’s resurrection appearances and to explain that when the “beloved disciple” responsible for narrating the traditions in the Gospel had died, this was not unforeseen (cf. 21:22–23).
If this is the case, then it is quite possible that the three Passovers mentioned in John were one and the same, which parallels the other canonical books. It could also been possible that the authors of John intended passages from the book to be read every day, as the Jewish scriptures are read. If this is true, then the three daily readings that mentioned a Passover may have been confused as three Passovers. This may explain why some scholars date Jesus’s ministry as three years. It may also be that the period of Jesus’s ministry included two Passovers within the same calendar year.
Perhaps the best defense for the three-in-one Passover theory for the Gospel of John is that crimes against the Jewish religion were considered the worst in the eyes of the law. According to Henri Daniel-Rops in Daily Life in the Time of Jesus, rebelling against God was high treason. Breaking the Sabbath was a crime worthy of death, while failing to celebrate Passover could result in the guilty being outlawed.[John mentions three Passovers. The first is John 2:13–3:25, in which Jesus clears the Temple of sellers and money changers and proclaims himself in authority. This event alone was enough for Jewish leaders to consider Jesus worthy of death or banishment. But John mentions two more Passovers. John 6:1–70 tells of the feeding of five thousand right before Passover, and John 13:1–19:42 tells of Jesus’s final days. It is possible that John was composed of several narratives that were combined into one book. This may explain the differences between John and the other Gospels. Despite the confusion, John does leave an important clue about when this event happened. John 2:13–22 states,
When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover. Jesus went up to Jerusalem. In the temple courts, he found men selling cattle, sheep, and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money. So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple area, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. To those who sold doves he said, “Get these out of here! How dare you turn my Father’s house into a market!” His disciples remembered that it is written: “Zeal for your house will consume me.” Then the Jews demanded of Him “What miraculous sign can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?” Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will rise it again in three days.” The Jews replied, “It had taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three?” But the temple he had spoken of was his body.
John informs the reader in this verse that Jesus was in Jerusalem during his ministry shortly before Passover 46 years after the construction of the Temple of Jerusalem com-menced. According to Graetz in the History of the Jews, “In the eighteenth year of the Herod’s reign (19 BCE) the building was begun, and in one year and a half (17 BCE) the inner part of the Temple was finished.”[This places Jesus’s cleansing of the Temple to around 29 or 30 CE. If Jesus’s ministry lasted one year, this also places the Crucifixion from 29 to 30 CE.
This brings to the forefront the question of which year, 28, 29, or 30 CE is the better fit for what the writers of Gospels had in mind when they were calculating the date for the Crucifixion. Appendix 2 (in the back of the book) shows when the Passover full Moon occurred during each year. We can run the dates of the full-Moon phases of Passover for the years 29 and 30 CE through the Naval Converter in order to learn whether either Passover in those two years occurred on a Friday night. Passover always occurs on the first full Moon after the vernal equinox. According to NASA’s vernal equinox time and date converter,[the vernal equinox for 28 CE, 29 CE, and 30 CE occurred on March 20. The first full Moon after March 20, 28 CE, was March 29 03:22 Greenwich Time; the first full Moon after March 20, 29 CE, was on April 17, 02:45 Greenwich Time, while the first full Moon after March 20, 30 CE, was on April 6, 19:42 Greenwich Time.
220 Ehrman, Misquoting Jesus, 61.
221 Henri Daniel-Rops, Daily Life in the Time of Jesus (New York: Hawthorn Books, 1962), 201.
222 Graetz, History of the Jews, 109.
Therefore, scholars need to find a year around 30 CE. when the Full Moon was on a Thursday or Friday to correspond to the Gospels. This can be done with aid from the US Naval date converter. In my book, I have tested the converter with historic primary sources from the last two-thousand years. The earliest date I have tested so far is from 397 CE. Thus, the 7-day week has been consistent since that date. I further believe that since there were no major events that could have changed that tradition. Both Jews and Christians were practicing the 7-Day week as long ago as the birth of Jesus. In fact the 7-Day week may be the oldest continued religious practice dating well past the life of Moses. Based on that information I listed below the weekday that each Passover Full Moon occurred on between 27 CE. and 34 CE. From this you can see that 30 CE. and 33 CE. are the best years for the Crucifixion to have occurred during.
April 9, 27 CE
March 29, 28 CE
April 17, 29 CE
April 6, 30 CE
March 27, 31 CE
April 14, 32 CE
April 3, 33 CE
April 22, 34 CE
Also from the book:
Evidence for a 30, CE Passover Crucifixion
1. The Talmud states that for 40 years before the destruction of Herod’s Temple several ominous miracles occurred before the Roman attack and following Temple destruction in 70 CE—meaning something unusual occurred in 30 CE.
2. Of the Passover dates from around this period, only 30 and 33 CE have a full Moon that are close to the time of Jesus’s Friday death. The 30 CE date is on a Thursday and the 33 date is on a Friday, so these would fit with the Friday Crucifixion and Sunday Resurrection.
3. John 2:20 states, The Jews replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days? The reconstruction of the Temple by Herod was begun in 19 BCE, with the inner Temple finished in 17 BCE. Forty-six years later would be around 29 CE. This is close enough to fit with the one-year ministry suggested in Matthew, Mark, and Luke to allow for a 30 CE Crucifixion.
4. Luke 3:1–23 informs us that Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius, and his ministry lasted one year. Tiberius’s reign began in 14 CE; therefore, the fifteenth year would have been 29 CE, the start of Jesus’s one-year ministry. The following year, 30 CE, Jesus was crucified.
5. Clement of Alexandri wrote in the third century of the followers of Basilides, “Making a precise calculation, there are some who place his Passion in the sixteenth year of Tiberius Caesar on the twenty-fifth of Phamenoth.” The sixteenth year of Tiberius was 30 CE. But, the 25 of Phamenoth, the spring equinox, was on March 21, which is far from the April 6 start of Passover. 
224 Based on the Alexandrian calendar date of Phamenoth 25, 30 CE, from Robert Harry van Gent’s Almagest Ephemeris Calculator, www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/astro/almagestephemeris.htm.
Therefore, after all of my research, I believe Jesus was Crucified on April 7, 30 CE and Resurrected on April 9, 30 CE. The table below is from the NASA Moon phase website. Over the next few posts I will examine the year of the Nativity. I have a very special post for next week on a passage from the Talmud which will really make you think and respect the wisdom of the Oral Law. Until then thank you, and God bless!
In my book, I look more into the history of the gospels; who wrote them, comparison and contrasting of each, the source known as Q, and the historical influences of each. The first three books of the New Testament are known as the synoptic books. Scholars think Mark is oldest, and Matthew and Luke were based on Mark. These books lead us to believe that the Last Supper was a Passover Meal. But, John informs it was a Passover preparation meal with Passover beginning on Friday night, after the Crucifixion. Below is a portion of my book comparing and contrasting the Gospels.
John can lead readers to believe that perhaps John was a direct witness to many of the miracles of and Crucifixion of Jesus, during which Jesus asked the disciple he loved to take care of Mary, his mother (John 19:25–27). This also implies that John knew what year Jesus was crucified. However, there is no historical evidence for this. The New Testament also informs us that John was a friend to Simon Peter; Jesus sent the two of them together to prepare for the Passover Meal (Luke 22:7–13), and both ran together to the tomb of Jesus when Mary Magdalene told them Jesus was missing (John 20:1–9). Both were early disciples of Jesus and shared the common vocation of fishermen.
Scholars have intensely debated that the Gospel of John, as we know it in modern times, had an original unknown source, perhaps John himself, or was a collaboration of several of John’s followers known as the Johannine community. Most scholars agree that the source known as Q was not a source for John. Whoever the true author or authors of John were, they provide an ample amount of historical information that can be used in an attempt to date the Crucifixion. John 13:1 informs us that the Last Supper was before the Passover feast:
It states, “It was just before the Passover Feast. Jesus knew that the time had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he now showed them the full extent of his love.
Unlike the other canonical Gospels, this places the date of the Last Supper as Nisan 14, or one day before the actual Passover meal on Nisan 15. John 19:31 further confirms this when John is narrating the aftermath of Jesus’s death:
Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.
As in Matthew, Mark, and Luke, in John it is a Friday, but instead of Nissan 15 like the others, it is Nissan 14, the day of Passover preparation. Therefore, the Jews asked that the three crucified men be removed before sunset, the start of the preparation meal. Because the other two men were alive, the Roman soldiers broke their legs to hasten their deaths. Jesus was dead, so his legs were not broken; instead, one of the soldiers pierced his side, from which came blood and water, to prove he was dead. John 19:36 notes these events: “These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: Not one of his bones will be broken,” and another scripture says, “They will look on the one they have pierced.” John confirms that Jesus was crucified on the Passover preparation day, but also that the next day was not only a Sabbath but a special day or perhaps a day that fell on two holy days. Thus, John marks Friday morning as the time of Jesus’s death, and later that night the start of both the Passover and the Sabbath.
John 20:1 later recounts that Jesus was resurrected on the first day of the week, or Sunday. It states, “Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance.” It can be gathered from the four canonical Gospels that Jesus was crucified on a Friday, then was buried before Friday sunset, or the beginning of Sabbath. He was resurrected on Sunday. This theme becomes the most significant concept in all the canonical Gospels, and the belief that Jesus died for the sins of human beings becomes the cornerstone of the Christian faith. Historians can use these temporal milestones as a starting point in the attempt to date the Crucifixion of Jesus.
THE SYNOPTICS VS. JOHN
Raymond E. Brown asserts in The Death of the Messiah: From Gethsemane to the Grave, that the Synoptic canons never clearly disclose that the Last Supper of Christ was a Passover meal. He argues. “Yet even if that refers to ‘the feast’ of Passover (as I think), it is not definitive as to which day is meant before or during the eight-day festal period of Passover/Unleavened Bread.”[This dilemma may appear to be trivial on the surface, but its existence has driven the scholars of the history of Jesus senseless since humans first set out to date the passion of Christ after it was forgotten.
211 Brown, The Death of the Messiah, 1354.
We know that Passover is the first full Moon after Spring Equinox. But, the Jews, unlike the Greek or Babylonians, were not expert astronomers. This sometimes lead to Passover beginning a day before or after the full Moon. The Gospels have a common theme of the Last Supper occurring on a Thursday, the Crucifixion on Friday, and the Resurrection on a Sunday morning. Thus, we need to find a full Moon that begins around a Thursday or Friday from 29 CE to 34 CE. Part 2 of this blog, which will explore this idea, will be posted later today. Thanks and God Bless!
Thanks goes out to everyone following! When I post my blogs, I will also post to twitter. I encourage my blog followers to also follow on twitter. This will give you a change to respond to my post, ask questions, or just mingle with other people interested in what I tweet. It will also give me an idea of where you are from. Even though I'm a historian, I will post things from time to time that might have something to do current events. I will admit I'm new to twitter, no I'm 50 years old not 79, so I will work on updating the twitter site. The twitter site is Robert W. Weber@stgenepress.
The Talmud, although Jewish scriptures, provides some clues to the year of the Crucifixion in a passage about the destruction of the Temple. Remember that Herod's Temple was sacked by the Romans in 70 CE. According to the Talmud the year 30 CE was significant. Tomorrow I will examine the Gospels to discover if 30 CE was a possible year for the Crucifixion to have occurred during.
Here is a portion of my book from Chapter 7:
The Talmud, which informed us that the patriarchs were born and died during Nissan, also provides an interesting verse about the destruction of the Temple by the Romans in 70 CE. The Babylonian Talmud Yoma Tract 39b, states the following:
“The rabbis taught: Forty years before the Temple was destroyed, the lot never came into the right hand, the red wool did not become white, the western light did not burn, and the gates of the Temple opened of themselves, till the time that R. Johanan b. Zakkai rebuked them, saying; “Temple, Temple, why alarmist thou us? We know that thou art destined to be destroyed. For of thee hath prophesied Zechariah ben Iddo [Zech. Xi. 1]; ‘Open thy doors, O Lebanon, and the fire shall eat thy cedars.’”
Thus, before the destruction of the Temple, there were 40 years of unusual events. The random choosing of the “lot” that was cast on the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) came up black 40 years in a row during the last 40 years of the Temple. The lot chosen determined which of two goats would be “for the Lord” and which goat would be the Azazelor “scapegoat.” During the two hundred years before 30 CE, when the high priest picked one of two stones, again this selection was governed by chance, and each year the priest would select a black stone as often as a white one. But for 40 years in a row, beginning in 30 CE, the high priest always picked the black stone. The odds against this happening are astronomical (2 to the 40th power). In other words, the chances of this occurring are about 5.5 billion to one. But, that is not the only unusual event to occur during the last 40 years of the Temple.
The Rabbis also told us of the crimson strip or cloth tied to the Azazel goat. A portion of this red cloth was also removed from the goat and tied to the Temple door. Each year, the red cloth on the Temple door turned white as if to signify the atonement of another Yom Kippur was acceptable to the Lord. This annual event happened until 30 CE when the cloth then remained crimson each year up to the time of the Temple’s destruction. This undoubtedly caused much concern and anxiety among the Jews. This traditional practice is linked to Israel confessing its sins and ceremonially placing this nation’s sin upon the Azazel goat. The sin was then removed by this goat’s death. Sin was represented by the red color of the cloth (the color of blood). But the cloth remained crimson—that is, Israel’s sins were not being pardoned and “made white.”
For Jews, the number 40 was significant; the Jews re-mained lost in the wilderness 40 years, and it rained for 40 days and 40 nights in Genesis. Historic evidence informs us that the Romans destroyed the Temple of Herod in 70 CE, fulfilling the burning of the Temple’s pillars made of cedar stated in Yoma Tract 39b. However, for Christians the number 40 was important: the devil tempted Jesus in the wilderness for 40 days. Some theologians even use Yoma Tract 39b as evidence that Jesus died in 30 CE, because that year would be the first of the 40 years during which the Temple miracles began to occur. Michael Brown writes of the relationship of the negative signs around the sacrifice and the Crucifixion of Jesus:
According to b. Yoma 39b, God did not accept the sacrifices that were offered on the Day of Atonement for the last forty years before the destruction of the [Second] Temple (this was known to the people by means of a series of special signs, all of which turned up negative for those forty years . . . What great event happened in year 30? Jesus was rejected and nailed to a cross! Is it possible that God no longer accepted the atonement sacrifices because the Messiah had offered himself as the perfect, final sacrifice?
209 Rodkinson, New Edition of the Babylonian Talmud, 1541.
210 Michael Brown, Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus: General and Historical Objections (Grand Rapids, MI.: Baker Books, 2005), 74.
Passover is an interesting celebration. It is 7 days long, each day has a special meaning and prayer. It honors the sparing of the enslaved Jews in Egypt from the angel of death. The Jews were saved by painting their doors with the blood of the lamb. We know from the gospels that Jesus was crucified during a Passover. Dating the actual crucifixion, not an easy task, can be accomplished by understanding a few things about Passover. We know from the New Testament that Jesus was crucified sometimes between 29 CE to 34 CE. Passover is always on the 15th of Nissan (remember the Jewish prophets were born and died during Nissan). The Jewish calendar is a lunar calendar. Each month begins on a new Moon. The 15th of each month is always near that months full Moon. The first day of Passover, in the month of Nissan, is always near the first full Moon after the spring equinox. Therefore if we know the full Moon phases for the first full Moon phases after the spring equinox for the years of 29 CE through 34 CE, we are closer to finding the date of the crucifixion. But, we also need to find a full Moon that falls near a Thursday because the synoptic gospels inform us that the Last Supper was on a Thursday before the Friday crucifixion, John mentions that Thursday was a Passover preparation meal leading scholars to believe Passover was the next day on Friday.
If your not confused yet you are probably asking how can this be done? Luckily, NASA has the date for every full Moon phase during this time. Now all we need to do is to somehow find the day of the week for these years, and find which year the full Moon occurred on a Thursday. This can be done thanks to the US Navy. They have a date converter that will inform anyone the weekday name for any date in history BCE. or CE. Thus, we know the full Moon phases and the day of week for each full Moon around the time of the crucifixion. My next post will examine more the years possible for the crucifixion to have occurred in, and which one is the best choice. In my book, I explain in greater detail in Chapter 3 the history of Passover, the differences between solar and lunar calendars, and how it is possible to apply a Gregorian date (our calendar) to an ancient lunar calendar. In Chapter 7, I explain in greater detail which Passover year between 29 CE. to 34 CE. is the best choice for the crucifixion to have occurred during, and how to test the Naval date converter for accuracy.
I have gotten several requests for information on how to see previews to my book, The Essence of Perfection. I can only post so much on the website because it is too easy to copy and reprint. I would suggest that if you want to see a real copy of the book to visit or call your local Barnes and Noble store and ask them to stock a couple of copies of the book. It is printed through Nook, a B&N company, so the store can order an actual copy at a small cost. You can also see a small sample on amazon at the link below by clicking on the book cover. I apologize for not having better reviews at this time, but hope to post more over time. If you do read the book please leave a review on the Amazon and Barnes and Noble websites.
Here is a table of contents and a short overview of the book that is presented in the Introduction.
This book was extremely difficult to write, especially as it is my first. It was written and researched for over a decade and remained dormant for long stretches, as I was frustrated over conflicting dates and theories. At times, this book was on the verge of being consigned to the dustbin of theology. However, what follows is a product that, I believe, presents this material in the best way. Chapter 1, “The Integral Existence,” defines the idea of an integral existence. Verses found in the Talmud first suggested the concept that the Jewish Prophets were born and died during the time of the Jewish Passover, during the Jewish month of Nissan. This would include Jesus, who was considered a prophet or rabbi. Even today, the Talmud it is an important part of worship for many Jews. Many non-Jews are also interested in the Talmud’s content and read it to gain inner knowledge and peace. This chapter will also briefly explain what the Talmud is, and some of the history behind its creation.
“Chapter 2, “Talmudic Rabbis and Church Fathers,” discusses the rabbis who first wrote down the integral idea from ancient oral law and provided commentary on it. It will then turn its attention to the Church Fathers, who had a similar concept. In particular, two rabbis, Hillel the Elder and Rabbi, and two Church Fathers, Clement of Alexandria and St. Hippolytus, are at the forefront in providing evidence for the scholarly pursuit of the integral idea. It will also attempt to explain how it was that these two similar concepts never crossed paths throughout the history of the two great religions.
In order to find appropriate years for the integral age of Jesus, the Jewish calendar needs to be properly examined. This will be the focus of Chapter 3, “The Jewish Calendar and Passover,” where Jewish months, days, and years are compared with the dates of Passover. Chapter 4, “The Nativity,” narrates the story of the Nativity and the alternating versions of it given in the first four books of the New Testament. In order to achieve a better understanding of the Nativity, an examination of the wise men from the East is required. This will be the subject of Chapter 5, “The Magi.” Here, I examine both the existing theories and a few new ones about who the Magi were and where they came from. Looking closely at the Magi is important because they were witnesses to the infant Jesus as well as to the only solid piece of evidence from the time, the Star of Bethlehem, which guided them. Chapter 6, “The Star of Bethlehem” attempts to use the integral concept to find an acceptable date for the first Passover and a valid date for the Nativity of Jesus. “The Crucifixion” and “The Resurrection” will be studied in Chapters 7 and 8, respectively. Finally, Chapter 9, “Perfection in Nature,” will explore the question of whether there is a deeper meaning to the integral idea. This was in some ways the most interesting for me to write. Church Fathers like Clement and Hippolytus, men of great faith, were not afraid to suggest new concepts based partly on scripture and partly on faith. While this book is based on theory and my thoughts on God and the calendar, the final chapter, which I wrote to honor Clement and Hippolytus and their methods of theology, moves furthest into the realm of speculation. Science and theology can balance one another in harmony.
The Epilogue attempts to connect and unify the ideas presented throughout the book. The final verdict stating when, in my view, the Nativity and Resurrection occurred can be found here. The evidence will be presented and neatly summed up. Most authors have a purpose for their work. This will also be articulated here. Although intended as scholarly pursuit, this book has the potential to be used to advance many different agendas. I only hope that they are noble.
Part I: The Perception of Integral
Chapter I: The Integral Existence 12
Chapter 2: Talmudic Rabbis and Church Fathers 53
Chapter 3: The Jewish Calendar and Passover 97
Part II: The Passover Birth
Chapter 4: The Nativity 119
Chapter 5: The Magi 143
Chapter 6: The Star of Bethlehem 167
Part III: The Passover Death
Chapter 7: The Crucifixion 210
Chapter 8: The Resurrection 243
Chapter 9: Perfection in Nature 258
What is the Integral Idea? This is from part of my book, The Essence of Perfection, from Chapter One.
During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with loud cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. Although he was a son, he learned obedience from what he suffered and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek.
—Hebrews 5: 7–10
The author of Hebrews mentions the phrase “once made perfect” when describing Jesus after the Passion. This only occurred after Jesus went through more than ample amounts of suffering. When one thinks of what he endured near the conclusion of his lifetime in order to provide the world salvation, the final result becomes much more comprehensible. Jesus died with the burden of all the world’s sin but was made perfect afterward because of his sacrifice. However, the question arises, what is perfect in the eyes of God, and how are people to understand its full meaning?
It may be possible that being made perfect by God is much more complex than just being free of sin or being all knowing. It might include Christ’s being perfect in the number of days lived. After all, God created days and years also. Genesis is an excellent example of God’s use of days and time and the importance of keeping track of such matters. This concept is nothing new; it was pondered many centuries ago by some of the most renowned Christian, Jewish, and even pagan intellectuals.
Knowledge may sometimes lead people into dark and unexplored areas, but the experience is nevertheless invaluable. The author of John provides insight into the idea that the Bible leaves out much, and that other sources should be further analyzed and evaluated in a proper method. Why stop only at a basic edification of spiritual well-being? John 21:25 states, “Jesus did many other things as well. If every one of them were written down, I suppose that even the whole world would not have room for the books that would be written.”
Judaism before the time of Christ believed in the idea of the “integral age” of the great Jewish Prophets—that those who lived a divine life were conceived or born and died on the same date. This belief was written in the of the Babylon Talmud. It states that the truest Jewish prophets were born and died during Passover, in the Jewish month of Nissan (March/April):
R. Yehoshua, says: In Nissan the world was created, and in the same month the patriarchs were born, and in Nissan they also died; Isaac was born on the Passover; on New Year’s Day Sarah, Rachel, and Hannah were visited, Joseph was released from prison, and the bondage of our fathers in Egypt ceased. In Nissan our ancestors were redeemed from Egypt, and in the same month we shall again be redeemed .
Chapter One explores more about the history behind the Integral Idea. My next post will explore the idea of Jesus dying during Passover (the patriarchs died during Passover). This happened on April 7, 30 CE. The Resurrection occurred 3 days later on April 9, 30 CE. If you want to know more about the Greek philosophers, Church Fathers, and Jewish Rabbis who developed this concept or why it never developed fully until now read by book The Essence of Perfection.
3 Michael L. Rodkinson and Isaac M. Wise, New Edition of the Babylonian Talmud (Boston: Boston New Talmud Society, 1918), 917.
14 years ago I became interested in the date that Jesus was born. This led to several years of research, I quickly realized that there was no valid information that provided any real answers to this question. Since this website is getting some interest I will post from time to time some of the information I learned during this quest.